Kook, Rabbi Avraham Yitzhak Hacohen
- (1865-1935)First chief Ashkenazi rabbi of Palestine (1921-35). Born in Griva, Latvia, he studied in various eastern European yeshivot and served as rabbi for a number of communities. In 1904, he settled in Palestine where he served as rabbi of the Jewish community of Jaffa. Stranded in Europe during World War I, he returned to Palestine in 1919 and became the rabbi of the Ashkenazi community of Jerusalem. When the chief rabbinate of Palestine was established in 1921, he was chosen Ashkenazi chief rabbi and held that position until his death. He developed a nationalist-religious philosophy and pursued the Zionist ideal, believing that the building of the secular state of Israel played a crucial role in the spiritual redemption of the Jewish people. He established his own yeshiva in Jerusalem (Merkaz Harav), where he focused on the ideal of a religious-national renaissance for the Jewish people. He was outspoken in his criticism of the administration of the British mandate in Palestine. He established the theological basis for the National Religious or Religious Zionist Movement. He died in Jerusalem.
Historical Dictionary of Israel. Bernard Reich David H. Goldberg. Edited by Jon Woronoff..
Look at other dictionaries:
Kook, Rabbi Zvi Yehuda — (1891 1982) Born in Lithuania, he was educated at Jewish religious schools as well as at universities in Germany. He immigrated (see ALIYA) with his parents to Palestine in 1904, where his father, Rabbi Avraham Yitzhak Hacohen Kook, later… … Historical Dictionary of Israel
KOOK (Kuk), ABRAHAM ISAAC — (1865–1935), rabbinical authority and thinker; first Ashkenazi chief rabbi of modern Ereẓ Israel. Born in Greiva (now Griva), Latvia, Kook received the type of Jewish education that was customary in 19th century Eastern Europe. At a very early… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Chief Rabbi — Chief Rabbinate redirects here. See also Chief Rabbinate of Israel. Chief Rabbi is a title given in several countries to the recognized religious leader of that country s Jewish community, or to a rabbinic leader appointed by the local secular… … Wikipedia
RIGHTS, HUMAN — The following article deals with the subject of human rights, their essence and the contents of various fundamental rights as reflected in the sources of Jewish Law. The interpretation of Israel s Basic Laws concerning human rights in accordance… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Rabbinate (Chief) of Israel — The origins of the institution of the chief rabbinate of Israel date back to when Palestine was part of the Ottoman Empire. According to Ottoman regulations, the sultan would appoint one eminent Turkish rabbi as chief rabbi of the Jews of the… … Historical Dictionary of Israel
Gush Emunim — (Bloc of the Faithful) A movement that promotes the establishment of Jewish settlements in Judea, Samaria, and Gaza as a means of promoting retention of these areas, especially the West Bank. It is an aggressive settlement movement that… … Historical Dictionary of Israel
Jitzhak Schapira — ist ein israelischer Rabbiner, der mehrere Bücher veröffentlicht hat, die in Israel landesweit Aufmerksamkeit erregten. 2009 veröffentlichte er das Buch Die Thora des Königs, in welchem er schreibt, es sei Juden erlaubt Nicht Juden… … Deutsch Wikipedia
RELIGIOUS LIFE AND COMMUNITIES — Jews UNDER OTTOMAN RULE The Jews of the pre Zionist old yishuv, both sephardim (from the Orient) and ashkenazim (of European origin), dedicated their lives to the fulfillment of religious precepts: the study of the torah and the meticulous… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
List of rabbis — This is a list of prominent rabbis. Rabbis are Judaism s spiritual and religious leaders. See also : List of Jews.Rabbis: Pre Mishnaic ( Tannaim ): See Mishnah, Tannaim .* Shimon Hatzadik * Antigonus of SokhoRabbis: Pre Mishnaic ( Tannaim ) (… … Wikipedia
History of Israel — The State of Israel ( he. מדינת ישראל, Medinat Yisrael ) was established in 1948 after nearly two thousand years of Jewish dispersal, and 55 years of Zionist agitation. In the sixty years since it achieved independence, its Arab neighbours have… … Wikipedia